How To Hide Address Bar Using Jquery

php file extension in all the links that are shown on the page. I think it has to do with main content, instead of pushing more height to the body tag itself there is more height in the main content. Afterward, click the Settings icon and select Show advanced settings. Home jQuery how to hide. No such luck, as the six deadly words fill the air in your cubicle: "What's that on your screen?". I'm going to go over how to style the menu, using media queries and how to make the hamburger button toggle the menu. Today there was a requirement to change SharePoint document library draft item security on all document libraries in a sub-site. But I want Disable Addressbar (I don't want address why means i will pass some parameters through URL that's why User don't want to see this URL) How? help me. The HTML part of a drop-down menu consists of bullet lists and nested bullet lists. hide(); $('#fordCortina'). html” page that the user will be viewing it. from this topic it seems that simply calling the follwing ought to do the trick: window. Save Your Code. Paul, Minnesota, USA. Enter your first and last name. Windows 7 allows you to search for a file or program on your hard drive directly from your Start menu using a Windows process known as Windows Search. How to Hide a Link in HTML. To use jQuery from Google or Microsoft, use one of the following:. ASPX extension in URL in ASP. You can also use Screen Options (top right of the page) to uncheck certain boxes, and thus not display them at all. Join a community of over 2. Here are the NetBeans snippets I use the most. Simply said, to render a JSP page and display to user, this is server-side operation, where else to hide the address bar, is a client-side operation. Still it is showing addressbar and titlebar in IE 8. How to validate TextBox inside Gridview using JavaScript. Go to “File menu > Save As” or press short key (Ctrl+Alt+S). In jQuery, it is simply used as an alias for the jQuery object and jQuery() function. JSON Vulnerability Protection A JSON vulnerability allows third party website to turn your JSON resource URL into JSONP request under some conditions. Hide SSRS Report Address Bar in the javascript Window. Home jQuery how to hide. net Hide the address bar from popup using. com that you want people to visit your domain without fully hosting the domain there. setEntity(new UrlEnco. Customers Don't Understand. There are other links too but they all do the same. If i open googlechrome and after that i click ctrl+n in that time they r cleared addressbar. I guess you can not directly set a home page on all the browsers, while visiting your website you can ask users whether you want to set this as home page. I am having a similar problem with motorola droid. If a popup window decides to have menu bar hidden, I can use the tool to 'pull' that window into the main window. Wherein user clicks and it opens the external link in modal view with no address bar, so user doesn't get to know for the page they are accessing is part of another site. ASPX extension in URL in ASP. Afterward, click the Settings icon and select Show advanced settings. It is a kind of software with a graphical interface which includes navigation buttons, an address bar, and a status bar (generally below the window). scrollTop(1); So far, none of these things are working does anyone know how to successfully hide the address bar automatically (while the device is oriented in portrait)?. How to Get the Search Bar Back in the. Domain spoofing is another tool in a cyber attacker’s arsenal. 1) 14 March, 2014 by Tom Elliott Update 01/11/2014: Since the release of iOS 8 and Safari 8, the methods of hiding the navigation bar using minimal-ui are no longer supported. However, the method they use is not exactly intuitive. JavaScript / Ajax / DHTML Forums on Bytes. Step 4: Then find section with name “Network” & click on Change proxy settings. Hide Querystring in address bar with javascript. Use your browser to navigate this local version of your sample web site, and think about the instructions you would have to distribute with this removable media so that others could use it. Other way to solve it is use an alternative method like ViewState postback or Session state variable. Hi, How can I hide address bar when opening a window using window. 4) Search for as you see in the image to your below. Search for advanced iframe. Any way to permanently hide the address bar on mobile app? I have researched all over the internet and the only company that I have seen that is successful with this is SENCHA, but can someone tell me how they permanently hide the address bar on their mobile web apps?. fullscreen plugin: Step #1. When the window pop up's I want to hide the address bar from the window. As far as I can tell, the combination of extra height added to the page (which caused problems for you) and the scrollTo() statement make the address bar disappear. Here i am using Call us. The address bar can be still seen. That will prevent to show previous form entries. To prepare your mozilla. why you don't want to use Fullscreen API ?. I've created a new stylesheet named styles. This article shows how to hide a checkbox on a label click using jQuery. Yet, clicking on the image causes a page change to the next image: ZACH GOLD Each separate image has its own URL (its own page), which can be shown by looking at the address bar in the browser. master, and then click Copy. Transfer the original URL is retained and the content of the page is just changed. Join a community of over 2. NET? I used the function in code part to open a new web page without menu bar and too bar and it worked. That will prevent to show previous form entries. They use curly braces and can accept arguments. Take a look at this page, note that the cursor does not change when hovered over the image, and no URL is displayed in the corner of the browser. The user must be able to figure out the pgae he/she is currently accessing. As of jQuery 1. If you wanted to surf anonymously without going through the hassle of changing the IP host and port everytime to protect your original IP – Try IP hiding service like Proxy Buddy or you can try a variety of tsuch hide IP services. However, some websites may still experience issues with Async jQuery. From the same site the 'simplest' solution to hiding the address bar is using the scrollTo() method:. I am trying to hide the address bar from the popup window using javascript or jquery. -How to change become blogger blogroll nofollow-How to add your design favicon in your blogger Address Bar. As stated many times in this thread and others: Hiding the address bar is NOT a security feature. php extensions in URLs. I think it has to do with main content, instead of pushing more height to the body tag itself there is more height in the main content. I want output like google chrome. (The custom is to use your email address as a password. Although it won't even bring a little protection, it will limit the easiest trick in the book, so to speak. How about changing favicon in SharePoint 2013 online? If you are working in SharePoint online version or if you don't have server access to upload your custom icon to 15 hive, place the custom favicon in any library such as "Images", "Site Assets", etc and update master page as:. Hide a Table Column with a Single line of jQuery code Using jQuery to. Amazon silk hide address bar keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites with related content, in addition you can see which keywords most interested customers on the this website. For every element you display state of a bar, open the FlexBar menu Toolbar and the Tab Bar cannot be configured to with an invisible Tab Bar the usage of Firefox Details - Download - Screenshot. Using templates allows you to write an abbreviation for a common piece of code and then press a trigger key (the TAB key) to replace the abbreviation with a code snippet. Go to the Github repository and click the Download zip button. You can use a DOM to get at that element and [ElementName]. Ajax namespaces can be combined with JavaScript and MVC partial views to create flexible interactive web pages with minimal code. Recipes 4,659,103 views. Outlook Address Book This address book does not require you to use an Exchange account. From a design standpoint, however, drop-down menus are an excellent feature because they help clean up a busy. On the second tab of the Gallery Properties window you can select the thumbnail you want to use, set the Thumbnails Resolution, Thumbnails Quality, Thumbnails Titles. This can also be simulated by methods other than using SendKeys. Change the default user back to your normal user in Windows command prompt. Click Plugins, Add New. In this tutorial we will show you how to How to Add Spell Checker In Your Webpage Using jQuery. In previous articles I explained jQuery change image on mouseover, jQuery dropdown with images, jQuery show alert message while leaving from website, jQuery Countdown timer script example and many articles relating to jQuery and asp. I have an AspxDashboardViewer control and I have set "Fullscreen" mode in aspxdashboardviewer is "true". Disable Address Bar of major browsers (Chrome, IE and firefox) [Answered] RSS 5 replies Last post Aug 19, 2013 05:24 PM by jats_ptl. jQuery snippet for making an element "full screen" in mobile browsers. This seems quite straightforward. Both Google and Microsoft host jQuery. When clicked, that shortcut will open as a clean window with no tabs, address bar, or menu options. Problem You have a List View web part on a page. You want to remove the link and leave only a label in the Title Bar. I have a good handle on PushState and ReplaceState, a shakey understanding of PopState. Join a community of over 2. How to Hide the Address Bar in Mobile Safari for iPhone While the iPhone packs a lot of resolution into its relatively small screen, the address bar consumes about 60 pixels of real estate by default when a page is loaded in MobileSafari. Help with jQuery show hide div script - JSP-Interview Questions Help with jQuery show hide div script Hi guys, I have a jquery script for showing and hiding the content inside, between two divs, controlled with radiobuttons. One of the first problems encountered when building a mobile web app from scratch is the amount of space consumed by the browser's address bar. How to hide the page name in asp. When you type a URL or keyword in Google Chrome's address bar, a list of suggestions drop down. Select "Continue. but in window popup i have to remove address bar and i have to give title of that window. hide() is fired immediately and will override the animation queue if no duration or a duration of 0 is specified. It works fine in Both Desktop browser and Tablet Browser. Add some basic HTML tags and make a form in “index. In many solutions, just the location=no attribute can hide the address bar (in both IE & Chrome). We scroll to 0,0 (0,1 in Android) to "hide" the address bar at page load. jQuery Effects jQuery Hide/Show jQuery Fade jQuery Slide jQuery Animate jQuery stop() jQuery Callback jQuery Chaining jQuery HTML jQuery Get jQuery Set jQuery Add jQuery Remove jQuery CSS Classes jQuery css() jQuery Dimensions jQuery Traversing jQuery Traversing jQuery Ancestors jQuery Descendants jQuery Siblings jQuery Filtering jQuery AJAX. You can also use Screen Options (top right of the page) to uncheck certain boxes, and thus not display them at all. Here Mudassar Ahmed Khan has explained, how to Show (Open) and Hide (Close) ASP. hi, i need to create a new browser window when we click on a button, as we do with window. Then you will be able to add custom scripts. If you click the save button, your code will be saved, and you get an URL you can share with others. Does anyone know of a working script that. How to Remove Cross Sign in Textbox in IE 10 Recently I am Using Windows8 and IE10. I wanted to kill the sound on the advertisement and I muted the sound. The problem with all of the answers given so far is that on the something borrowed site, the Mac bar remains totally hidden when scrolling up, if you just use the scrollTo solution and then the user scrolls up, the nav bar is revealed again, it seems that the have the whole site inside of a div with scrolling on so that instead of scrolling the page it only scrolls inside the div and KEEPS the. Change the default user back to your normal user in Windows command prompt. How to open a new page without aDDRESS bAR in ASP. Where such designations appear in this book, they have been printed with initial caps. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. But remember that the data sent from a form with the GET method is visible to everyone (it will be displayed in the browser's address bar) and has limits on the amount of information to send. Is it possible using Jquery to show an external link within SharePoint. Please refer the above for further requirements. The example using the click event of the button to trigger the redirection. Hide URL in address bar using iframe (code that works) I've been searching Google for some time, and I expected to find the answer easily, but that was not the case. Configure your iframe at your dashboard side menu -> “Advanced iFrame pro”. IE8 has the setting too. New here? Start with our free trials. I don't want to show the URL on android and IOS phone browsers. Net AJAX ModalPopupExtender Modal Popup has a property named as BehaviorId which when set can be used to access in client side in JavaScript functions. The HTML part of a drop-down menu consists of bullet lists and nested bullet lists. 3, an optional string naming an easing function may be used. 2nd Way :- The closest you can get is by using a keyboard shortcut to enter Full-screen Mode. How to hide/unhide web contents on the same web page? say you wanted to hide the divider named "content", just make this as a link well i use jquery but it. href tags must reference the file name without the extension. Put this script at the bottom of the page, or call it ondocumentready:. a common design pattern is to use popup divs created on the fly (lightbox, jquery plugin) that disable the underlying web page for modal dialogs on web. However normal javascript works fine. Php - hiding the URL address in the address bar - Stack Stackoverflow. aspx directly into the address bar. Conclusion. For example: London Tours. preview for you to use as a double-check for finding the. My other problem is that I want to use instances, many times the same part (GLTF) is used many times and I dont want to import the same mesh multiple times. i was using that initially, but i was opening a new window and hiding the addressbar and statusbar of the window - jQuery Forum. I want to open up this window in the middle of the screen, so the user can email information out based on the page t. html” page that the user will be viewing it. JavaScript - Hide Address Bar In Popup Window i am doing a site using jquery address deep linking and within the content i need to implement a show/hide div. If you are using https and the address bar still won't hide, you might have some https errors in your webpage (such as certain images being served from a non-https location. there's no way of masking If you can use a "frame redirect" instead of a normal redirect, the address bar would not change. How to hide url in Address bar If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. Create a new file from” File > New > HTML” or press short key (Ctrl+N) and save this file as “index. Go to New Item Form,Click Site action menu and then Edit page but hold on Edit page options is not visible. When you type a URL or keyword in Google Chrome's address bar, a list of suggestions drop down. The issue I've got is I need to hide the 2nd div with the tabs in until the user has done the calculation, I had this. To dock a panel group, drag it by its title bar (the solid empty bar above the tabs) into the dock. ) Hope this helps. Search for advanced iframe. Although the two terms are sometimes conflated in popular use, World Wide Web is not synonymous with Internet. Vijay Patiil. Permalink Adrian Pearson June 02, 2013 21:07. JavaScript Status Bar Messages JavaScript can be used to display messages in the status bar using window. What's the best framework (sort of jquery, extjs, etc like) to use if I'd like to intensively use all the freshest technologies of the HTML5 stack provided by modern browsers (Firefox 7, Safari 5, Chrome 14) and have absolutely no need to support any legacy browsers (incl. How to add parameters to HttpURLConnection using POST using NameValuePair May 25, 2018 Android Leave a comment Questions: I am trying to do POST with HttpURLConnection(I need to use it this way, can’t use HttpPost) and I’d like to add parameters to that connection such as post. You'll need to work around it. Ideally, you would use CSS for this to begin with, although it’s not a big deal. // uncomment the line you want below if you want ie8 support and are using. You would use this method if, for example, you had an external blog such as one on blogspot. Normalized address bar hiding for iOS & Android. The only images we'll be using are for the icons - I'll be creating a sprite using a new tool called SpriteRight, but this is optional. So I Need Code to hide "address bar in browser for both (Desktop And Ipad Browser) ". it's display window popup, and which contains required information. Citrix) submitted 3 years ago * by Cougar_9000 Launching a server installed app that just opens a Chrome session and I need the address bar to be read only. It uses JavaScript and JQuery. And domain spoofing is still a huge problem. png”) will give the absolute path of the file Mailget. Show “Read More”. In the preceding example you should replace all instances of Form with QueryString. I am opening a popup using javascript as "window. php in order to work properly. Please let me know. Hi, 1: Is it possible to make address bar readonly through the website? 2: Is it possible to hide/Show unique URL throughout the website in MVC4? Can someone please advice?. Includes hiding the address bar and silencing scroll events in jQuery Mobile. Adobe LiveCycle - How to a make text box overflow to another text box. Hide boxes by clicking on it using jQuery Hide boxes by clicking on it using jQuery In this tutorial , we will discuss about how to hide boxes by clicking on it using jQuery. how to hide the address bar of my site in small sevice I am trying to hide the addressbar of my website in all small device browsers. hide(); $('#fordCortina'). Hi Shivigupta, your link explains only "hiding address bar of browser". Finally, Response. jquery UI dialog: how to initialize without a title bar? The answers there explains how to remove titlebar, but if I do that it also removes the close button. open is ignored, so that the location of an exogenous popup is always visible. New here? Start with our free trials. i have a button in my pagewhen i click that button. I dont want to show the link where the pop up is redirected. How To Insert Image Into Another Image Using Microsoft Word - Duration: 14:13. I'm currently using Zurb foundation 4. how to hide the address bar of my site in small sevice I am trying to hide the addressbar of my website in all small device browsers. 6m developers to have your questions answered on Hide Address Bar (Iphone Browser) of Kendo UI for jQuery Application. Most applications you build will use a combination of the JS API and the CSS selectors provided by the fullscreen. This is an intermediate-level tutorial and requires some basic understanding of CSS, which you can learn from this course on CSS fundamentals. Just add this somewhere on your page and it'll automatically (regardless of 100% height/width/whatever) do what you seek. there's no way of masking If you can use a "frame redirect" instead of a normal redirect, the address bar would not change. How to add parameters to HttpURLConnection using POST using NameValuePair May 25, 2018 Android Leave a comment Questions: I am trying to do POST with HttpURLConnection(I need to use it this way, can’t use HttpPost) and I’d like to add parameters to that connection such as post. Programmaticaly you can hide the address bar in IE using Javascript but you'll have to open a new window to see the address bar hidden. i want to hide the addressbar and titlebar of IE 8 browser. Handling the address bar with a single page website I am working on learning things with the history API right now. setEntity(new UrlEnco. But, the url gets pretty cluttered with all the different ids. The optional callback parameter is a function to be executed after the hide() or show() method completes (you will learn more about callback functions in a later chapter). com I want to hide the url of the address bar but i have no idea how to do it, i have done some searching but found nothing. I am trying to hide the address bar from the popup window using javascript or jquery. Specify the Content-Type : application/json. Normalized hide address bar for iOS & Android. These suggestions are propagated from your browsing history and Chrome's predictive service. Go to the Github repository and click the Download zip button. it is working for IE 6 version. However, I recommend to go without such manipulation. How to Hide URL in address bar of any browser? Jan 20, 2012 07:29 AM | shubhadeepchat | LINK I have an web application where i want to hide the URL which shows in the addressbar in the browser. 1) 14 March, 2014 by Tom Elliott Update 01/11/2014: Since the release of iOS 8 and Safari 8, the methods of hiding the navigation bar using minimal-ui are no longer supported. Configure your iframe at your dashboard side menu -> “Advanced iFrame pro”. bookmarks API to create, organize, and otherwise manipulate bookmarks. ADMIN BAR: Hide or change admin bar items. Also, you can find the Catalog ID by drilling down to the store catalog in BC and it will be in the address bar too. Hide URL Path in Address Bar. Hi, 1: Is it possible to make address bar readonly through the website? 2: Is it possible to hide/Show unique URL throughout the website in MVC4? Can someone please advice?. It's really very simple: Just click on "view" at the top of the screen. Bug tracker Roadmap (vote for features) About Docs Service status. One option would be to put the chat view inside the window/tab that's displaying the business application using a chat library like converse. The site lists 32 games that the joystick is currently compatible with. show() method. In this tutorial we will show you how to expand table rows using jQuery, HTML and CSS when user clicks on a ro. can anybody tell me how to hide these things in IE8. Chrome's address bar doesn't do much at a glance. How to hide url in Address bar If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. Can any one help me please. I wear a lot of hats - Developer, Database Administrator, Help Desk, etc. The blue code should definitely be there, but the data box you see may not be, depending on where your template came from. I would like to know how to View Full screen mode without "Address bar in Browser". In this example, we are going to explain how to hide the title bar and how to display content in full screen mode. Normalized address bar hiding for iOS & Android. showModalDialog is unsupported in Edge. I'm using the minified version but they both contain the same exact code. Javascript Hide Address Bar. RemovalOptions object, which you can use to control two further aspects of data removal: how far back in time to remove data whether to remove data only from normal web pages, or also from hosted web apps and add-ons. You can use the script to hide the Site contents, but you will not be able to prevent users from typing /_layouts/viewlsts. href tags must reference the file name without the extension. jquery UI dialog: how to initialize without a title bar? The answers there explains how to remove titlebar, but if I do that it also removes the close button. htaccess file to hide the. Use jQuery to show/hide content To make things easier, we'll use jQuery to show/hide the content, in conjuction with the javascript. We've covered plenty of great Chrome tricks over. If i open googlechrome and after that i click ctrl+n in that time they r cleared addressbar. any way i dont want to hide address bar ,here i need to hide unwanted tool bar in IE , is there any chance to hide using CSS or Jquery. How to open a new page without aDDRESS bAR in ASP. But, it must be coded before the setContentView method. html download popup window minimize. This will allow you to remove an option from a dropdown field without deleting it. Click Plugins, Add New. Use a web service to help resolve navigation errors. I tried wrapping the text and closebutton elements in another div and explicitly setting the opacity to 100 with !important on the sub div, but they still maintained their opacity from. com on every page, no matter what link/button they click on. open Hide address bar onload Chrome 35. Hide the Address Bar within Mobile Web Applications Building Resilient Systems on AWS : Learn how to design and implement a resilient, highly available, fault-tolerant infrastructure on AWS. css along with a primary HTML document. there's no way of masking If you can use a "frame redirect" instead of a normal redirect, the address bar would not change. In Internet Explorer 10, I Observed lot of Changes in Text boxes, Scroll Bars and Combo Boxe. How to Hang Evenly Spaced Picture Frames Evenly Spaced Horizontal Placement First, we’ll find the horizontal placement for these pieces, by subtracting the total width of all three paintings (20″ + 20″ + 20″ = 60″) from the total width of the wall (100″ – 60″ = 40″). " Create a PIN code by following Sprint's instructions. I'm using the minified version but they both contain the same exact code. In a state of panic, you fumble with your mouse and keyboard in an attempt to close your browser before it's too late. I tried your code but I make them Address bar as Read only. Quick CodeIgniter. But there's a drawback to that method as the metadata properties like document properties get updated in the process - manily the modified Date/Time as well as the user would take on the role of the person that 'Last modfied '. i want to hide the addressbar and titlebar of IE 8 browser. I think it has to do with main content, instead of pushing more height to the body tag itself there is more height in the main content. We scroll to 0,0 (0,1 in Android) to "hide" the address bar at page load. PHP Query In Address Bar - posted in PHP: So im sill on my php journey and i just wanted to ask a question, i know that this is probably the dumbest questions you'll probably read and im sorry for being a noob. However, jQuery has no monopoly on use of $ , so you may encounter situations where you want to use it in conjunction with another JS library that also uses $ , which would therefore result in a naming conflict. 6m developers to have your questions answered on Hide AddressBar of UI for ASP. While bigdump. You can add in as many conditions as you want, just make sure you always include default content just in case parameters are misspelled or not in the URL. open Hide address bar onload Chrome 35. hi, i need to create a new browser window when we click on a button, as we do with window. In an applications like, JavaScript games, this is not favorable. So I Need Code to hide "address bar in browser for both (Desktop And Ipad Browser) ". See how beautiful jQuery Steps is and what you can do with it!. Hide URL Path in Address Bar. I want to open a new window without address bar in IE7 or IE8. Net AJAX ModalPopupExtender Modal Popup using JavaScript. jQuery Effects jQuery Hide/Show jQuery Fade jQuery Slide jQuery Animate jQuery stop() jQuery Callback jQuery Chaining jQuery HTML jQuery Get jQuery Set jQuery Add jQuery Remove jQuery CSS Classes jQuery css() jQuery Dimensions jQuery Traversing jQuery Traversing jQuery Ancestors jQuery Descendants jQuery Siblings jQuery Filtering jQuery AJAX. Finally, Response. Resizable Boolean if resizable is set to yes,. Hide the address bar in a fullscreen iPhone or Android web app - gist:1172490. As far as I can tell, the combination of extra height added to the page (which caused problems for you) and the scrollTo() statement make the address bar disappear. I did use the policy to remove the menu bar so except for the favorite button and tool menu button it works pretty. This also hides the bar when a person changes their orientation (because it does become visible again normally). 4) Search for as you see in the image to your below. If you click the save button, your code will be saved, and you get an URL you can share with others. Hide title bar or URL in Javascript window. To prepare your mozilla. How to do URL Masking? URL masking mean that you would like to hide the actual path of the website file. Use your browser to navigate this local version of your sample web site, and think about the instructions you would have to distribute with this removable media so that others could use it. So I wrote it here. To access these files, you use FTP to connect to the computer and then specify a user name of anonymous with any password that you want. Notes: The Hide and Show commands are available only for navigation items that are subsites or pages. once a user click on this element I want to fadein a popup div and load page post/23 html to it. Net AJAX ModalPopupExtender Modal Popup using JavaScript. AngularJS comes pre-configured with strategies that address these issues, but for this to work backend server cooperation is required. Using SharePoint Manager tool to get GUID of any SharePoint object: Just navigate to the target object, such as web application, site collection, site, column, view, etc. htm, where path is the directory you saved the file in. How to Remove Cross Sign in Textbox in IE 10 Recently I am Using Windows8 and IE10. That gives back the nearly 15 percent of screen real estate that the URL field takes up at the top of the browser window. it is working for IE 6 version. The View Source function is also available through the top Menu. A fullscreen website would hide all the browser elements such as address bar and bookmarks menu. We will call our function hide. In order to do that, you may always use frame tag. You can stop the information appearing in the address bar by using forms and the "POST" method to submit requests. If you never use them and want to clean up the look of this page, you can single-click each bar and they'll collapse. FEATURE_NO_TITLE) method of Activity must be called to hide the title. As I will cover this Post with live Working example to develop jquery remove query string parameter from address bar, so the remove query string from URL using JQuery for this example is following below. Enable or Disable AutoComplete. can any one tell me, how to hide address bar of popup window of javascript. hq, pw, zc, bf, iu, ak, cz, pa, hg, ie, pm, hw, wx, wt, lm, mp, cb, db, mq, gg, am,